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The content and technology industries affected by copyright and its exceptions, and in some cases balancing the two, have become increasingly important as sources of economic growth, relatively high-paying jobs, and exports. Since the expansion of digital technology in the mids, they have undergone a technological revolution that has disrupted long-established modes of creating, distributing, and using works ranging from literature and news to film and music to scientific publications and computer software. In the United States and internationally, these disruptive changes have given rise to a strident debate over copyright's proper scope and terms and means of its enforcement--a debate between those who believe the digital revolution is progressively undermining the copyright protection essential to encourage the funding, creation, and distribution of new works and those who believe that enhancements to copyright are inhibiting technological innovation and free expression.
Copyright in the Digital Era: Building Evidence for Policy examines a range of questions regarding copyright policy by using a variety of methods, such as case studies, international and sectoral comparisons, and experiments and surveys. This report is especially critical in light of digital age developments that may, for example, change the incentive calculus for various actors in the copyright system, impact the costs of voluntary copyright transactions, pose new enforcement challenges, and change the optimal balance between copyright protection and exceptions.
Since , the National Research Council, under the auspices of the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, has undertaken a program of activities to improve policymakers' understandings of the interconnections of science, technology, and economic policy and their importance for the American economy and its international competitive position. The Board's activities have corresponded with increased policy recognition of the importance of knowledge and technology to economic growth. One important element of STEP's analysis concerns the growth and impact of foreign technology programs.
Some governments overseas have chosen to provide public support to innovation to overcome the market imperfections apparent in their national innovation systems. Similarly, many state and local governments and regional entities in the United States are undertaking a variety of initiatives to enhance local economic development and employment through investment programs designed to attract knowledge-based industries and grow innovation clusters.
These state and regional programs and associated policy measures are of great interest for their potential contributions to growth and U. STEP's project on State and Regional Innovation Initiatives is intended to generate a better understanding of the challenges associated with the transition of research into products, the practices associated with successful state and regional programs, and their interaction with federal programs and private initiatives.
The study seeks to achieve this goal through a series of complementary assessments of state, regional, and federal initiatives; analyses of specific industries and technologies from the perspective of crafting supportive public policy at all three levels; and outreach to multiple stakeholders. Building the Ohio Innovation Economy: Summary of a Symposium explains the of the study, which is to improve the operation of state and regional programs and, collectively, enhance their impact.
A committee under the auspices of the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy STEP , is conducting a study of selected state and regional programs in order to identify best practices with regard to their goals, structures, instruments, modes of operation, synergies across private and public programs, funding mechanisms and levels, and evaluation efforts. The committee is reviewing selected state and regional efforts to capitalize on federal and state investments in areas of critical national needs.
Building the Arkansas Innovation Economy: Summary of a Symposium includes both efforts to strengthen existing industries as well as specific new technology focus areas such as nanotechnology, stem cells, and energy in order to better understand program goals, challenges, and accomplishments. As a part of this review, the committee is convening a series of public workshops and symposia involving responsible local, state, and federal officials and other stakeholders.
Drawing from discussions at these symposia, fact-finding meetings, and commissioned analyses of existing state and regional programs and technology focus areas, the committee will subsequently produce a final report with findings and recommendations focused on lessons, issues, and opportunities for complementary U. The goal of the this symposium was to conduct two public symposia to review and analyze the potential contributions of public-private partnerships and identify other relevant issues for the Department of Energy, Office of Vehicle Technologies, Energy Storage Team's activities in the energy storage research and development area.
The symposia will also identify lessons from these and other domestic and international experiences to help inform DoE as to whether its activities are complete and appropriately focused. Additional topics that emerge in the course of the planning may also be addressed. Building the U. Battery Industry for Electric Drive Vehicles: Summary of a Symposium gathers representatives from leading battery manufacturers, automotive firms, university researchers, academic and industry analysts, congressional staff, and federal agency representatives.
An individually-authored summary of each symposium will be issued. The symposium was held in Michigan in order to provide direct access to the policymakers and industrial participants drawn from the concentration of battery manufacturers and automotive firms in the region.
The symposium reviewed the current state, needs, and challenges of the U. It also focused on the impact of DoE's investments and the role of state and federal programs in support of this growing industry. This task of this report is to summarize the presentations and discussions that took place at this symposium. Needless to say, the battery industry has evolved very substantially since the conference was held, and indeed some of the caveats raised by the speakers with regard to overall demand for batteries and the prospects of multiple producers now seem prescient.
At the same time, it is important to understand that it is unrealistic to expect that all recipients of local, state, or federal support in a complex and rapidly evolving industry will necessarily succeed. A number of the firms discussed here have been absorbed by competitors, others have gone out of business, and others continue to progress. These state and regionally based initiatives have a broad range of goals and increasingly include larger resources commitments, often with a sectoral focus and often in partnership with foundations and universities.
Recent studies, however, have pointed out that many of these efforts lack the scale and the steady commitment needed for success. This has prompted new initiatives to coordinate and concentrate investments from a variety of federal agencies to develop research parks, business incubators, and other strategies to encourage entrepreneurships and high-tech development in the nation's regions. Understanding the nature of innovation clusters and public policies associated with successful cluster development is therefore of current relevance. Clustering for 21st Century Prosperity identifies best practices with regard to goals, structures, instruments, modes of operation, synergies across private and public programs, funding mechanisms and levels, and evaluation efforts.
The committee, under the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy STEP is reviewing selected state and regional efforts to capitalize on federal and state investments in areas of critical national needs. This review includes both efforts to strengthen existing industries as well as specific technology focus areas such as nanotechnology, stem cells, and advanced energy in order to better understand program goals, challenges, and accomplishments.
As part of this study, the committee is convening a series of public workshops and symposia involving responsible local, state, and federal officials and other stakeholders. Meeting Global Challenges: U. While nations have always competed for territory, mineral riches, water, and other physical assets, they compete most vigorously today for technology-based innovations and the value that flows from them.
Much of this value is based on creating scientific knowledge and transforming it into new products and services for the market. This process of innovation is complex and interdisciplinary. Sometimes it draws on the genius of individuals, but even then it requires sustained collective effort, often underpinned by significant national investments. Capturing the value of these investments to spur domestic economic growth and employment is a challenge in a world where the outputs of innovation disseminate rapidly.
Those equipped to understand, apply, and profit from new knowledge and technical advances are increasingly able to capture the long-term economic benefits of growth and employment. In response to this new, more distributed innovation paradigm, the National Academies Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy STEP convened leading academics, business leaders, and senior policymakers from Germany and the United States to examine the strengths and challenges of their innovation systems.
More specifically, they met to compare their respective approaches to innovation, to learn from their counterparts about best practices and shared challenges, and to identify cooperative opportunities. Both U. While recognizing their differences in approach to these challenges, participants on both sides drew out valuable lessons from each other's policies and practices. Participants were also aware of the need to adapt to a new global environment where many countries have focused new policy measures and new resources to support innovative firms and promising industries.
America's position as the source of much of the world's global innovation has been the foundation of its economic vitality and military power in the post-war. No longer is U. As the pillars of the U. Rising to the Challenge: U.
The Impact Of National Goals On Basic Research Results Of A Symposium
Innovation Policy for Global Economy emphasizes the importance of sustaining global leadership in the commercialization of innovation which is vital to America's security, its role as a world power, and the welfare of its people. The second decade of the 21st century is witnessing the rise of a global competition that is based on innovative advantage. To this end, both advanced as well as emerging nations are developing and pursuing policies and programs that are in many cases less constrained by ideological limitations on the role of government and the concept of free market economics.
The rapid transformation of the global innovation landscape presents tremendous challenges as well as important opportunities for the United States. This report argues that far more vigorous attention be paid to capturing the outputs of innovation - the commercial products, the industries, and particularly high-quality jobs to restore full employment.
America's economic and national security future depends on our succeeding in this endeavor. The report, Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future observed that "the scientific and technological building blocks critical to the United States economic leadership are eroding at a time when many other nations are gathering strength. Rising Above the Gathering Storm sparked intense discussion among policy makers, industrial leaders, and the general public.
Five years after the release of the Gathering Storm report, a second report, Rising Above the Gathering Storm, Revisited: Rapidly Approaching Category 5 , assessed changes in America's competitive posture. This report concluded that "our nation's outlook has not improved, but rather has worsened" since the Gathering Storm report was released. The report noted examples of other nations that have upgraded their investments in education, technological infrastructure, and innovation systems to a greater extent than has the United States. The ability of the states to drive innovation was the impetus behind a major workshop held in Madison, Wisconsin, on September , Titled "Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Developing Regional Innovation Environments," the workshop brought together leaders in education, government, economic development, and industrial innovation to discuss state and regional initiatives to boost competitiveness through science, technology, and innovation.
These state and regionally based initiatives have a broad range of goals and increasingly include significant resources, often with a sectoral focus and often in partnership with foundations and universities. Building Hawaii's Innovation Economy: Summary of a Symposium explains the study of selected state and regional programs in order to identify best practices with regard to their goals, structures, instruments, modes of operation, synergies across private and public programs, funding mechanisms and levels, and evaluation efforts.
Building Hawaii's Innovation Economy also reviews efforts to strengthen existing industries as well as specific new technology focus areas such as nanotechnology, stem cells, and energy in order to better understand program goals, challenges, and accomplishments. National Foundation, is one of 14 major statistical agencies in the federal government, of which at least five collect relevant information on science, technology, and innovation activities in the United States and abroad.
Important aspects of the agency's mandate include collection, acquisition, analysis, and reporting and dissemination of data on research and development trends, on U. This report assesses and provides recommendations regarding the need for revised, refocused, and newly developed indicators designed to better reflect fundamental and rapid changes that are reshaping global science, technology and innovation systems. The book also determines the international scope of STI indicators and the need for developing new indicators that measure developments in innovative activities in the United States and abroad, and Offers foresight on the types of data, metrics and indicators that will be particularly influential in evidentiary policy decision-making for years to come.
In carrying out its charge, the authoring panel undertook a broad and comprehensive review of STI indicators from different countries, including Japan, China, India and several countries in Europe, Latin America and Africa. Improving Measures of Science, Technology, and Innovation makes recommendations for near-term action by NCSES along two dimensions: 1 development of new policy-relevant indicators that are based on NCSES survey data or on data collections at other statistical agencies; and 2 exploration of new data extraction and management tools for generating statistics, using automated methods of harvesting unstructured or scientometric data and data derived from administrative records.
This has led to renewed interest in understanding the nature of innovation clusters and public policies associated with successful cluster development. The Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy STEP , conducted a symposium which brought together state and federal government officials, leading analysts, congressional staff, and other stakeholders to explore the role of clusters in promoting economic growth, the government's role in stimulating clusters, and the role of universities and foundations in their development.
It includes an overview highlighting key i ssues raised at the meeting and a summary of the meeting's presentations. This report has been prepared by the workshop rapporteur as a factual summary of what occurred at the workshop. Recent decades have witnessed an ever-increasing range and volume of digital data.
All elements of the pillars of science--whether observation, experiment, or theory and modeling--are being transformed by the continuous cycle of generation, dissemination, and use of factual information. This is even more so in terms of the re-using and repurposing of digital scientific data beyond the original intent of the data collectors, often with dramatic results. We all know about the potential benefits and impacts of digital data, but we are also aware of the barriers, the challenges in maximizing the access, and use of such data.
There is thus a need to think about how a data infrastructure can enhance capabilities for finding, using, and integrating information to accelerate discovery and innovation. How can we best implement an accessible, interoperable digital environment so that the data can be repeatedly used by a wide variety of users in different settings and with different applications?
With this objective: to use the microbial communities and microbial data, literature, and the research materials themselves as a test case, the Board on Research Data and Information held an International Symposium on Designing the Microbial Research Commons at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, DC on October The symposium addressed topics such as models to lower the transaction costs and support access to and use of microbiological materials and digital resources from the perspective of publicly funded research, public-private interactions, and developing country concerns.
The overall goal of the symposium was to stimulate more research and implementation of improved legal and institutional models for publicly funded research in microbiology. Board on Research Data and Information. The enactment of the America COMPETES Act in and its reauthorization in , the increase in research expenditures under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ARRA , and President Obama's general emphasis on the contribution of science and technology to economic growth have all heightened interest in the role of scientific and engineering research in creating jobs, generating innovative technologies, spawning new industries, improving health, and producing other economic and societal benefits.
Along with this interest has come a renewed emphasis on a question that has been asked for decades: Can the impacts and practical benefits of research to society be measured either quantitatively or qualitatively? The global economy is characterized by increasing locational competition to attract the resources necessary to develop leading-edge technologies as drivers of regional and national growth. One means of facilitating such growth and improving national competitiveness is to improve the operation of the national innovation system.
This involves national technology development and innovation programs designed to support research on new technologies, enhance the commercial return on national research, and facilitate the production of globally competitive products. Understanding the policies that other nations are pursuing to become more innovative and to what effect is essential to understanding how the nature and terms of economic competition are shifting. Building the 21st Century U. This analysis of Comparative Innovation Policy includes a review of the goals, concept, structure, operation, funding levels, and evaluation of foreign programs designed to advance the innovation capacity of national economies and enhance their international competitiveness.
This analysis focuses on key areas of future growth, such as renewable energy, among others, to generate case-specific recommendations where appropriate. Technological innovation and growth are critical to U. One means of facilitating growth and improving competitiveness is to foster more robust innovation ecosystems through the development of public-private partnerships, industry consortia, and other regional and national economic development initiatives. Public-private partnerships, in particular, catalyze the commercialization of state and national investments in research and development.
The Future of Photovoltaic Manufacturing in the United States captures the presentations and discussions of these meetings. It includes both efforts to strengthen existing industries as well as specific new technology focus areas such as nanotechnology, stem cells, and energy in order to gain an improved understanding of program goals, challenges, and accomplishments.
Thirty years ago federal policy underwent a major change through the Bayh-Dole Act of , which fostered greater uniformity in the way research agencies treat inventions arising from the work they sponsor. Before the Act, if government agencies funded university research, the funding agency retained ownership of the knowledge and technologies that resulted. However, very little federally funded research was actually commercialized. As a result of the Act's passage, patenting and licensing activity from such research has accelerated.
Although the system created by the Act has remained stable, it has generated debate about whether it might impede other forms of knowledge transfer. Concerns have also arisen that universities might prioritize commercialization at the expense of their traditional mission to pursue fundamental knowledge--for example, by steering research away from curiosity-driven topics toward applications that could yield financial returns. To address these concerns, the National Research Council convened a committee of experts from universities, industry, foundations, and similar organizations, as well as scholars of the subject, to review experience and evidence of the technology transfer system's effects and to recommend improvements.
The present volume summarizes the committee's principal findings and recommendations. In the face of so many daunting near-term challenges, U. Five years ago, the National Academies prepared Rising Above the Gathering Storm, a book that cautioned: "Without a renewed effort to bolster the foundations of our competitiveness, we can expect to lose our privileged position. So where does America stand relative to its position of five years ago when the Gathering Storm book was prepared?
The unanimous view of the authors is that our nation's outlook has worsened. Addressing America's competitiveness challenge will require many years if not decades; however, the requisite federal funding of much of that effort is about to terminate. Rising Above the Gathering Storm, Revisited provides a snapshot of the work of the government and the private sector in the past five years, analyzing how the original recommendations have or have not been acted upon, what consequences this may have on future competitiveness, and priorities going forward. In addition, readers will find a series of thought- and discussion-provoking factoids--many of them alarming--about the state of science and innovation in America.
Rising Above the Gathering Storm, Revisited is a wake-up call.
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To reverse the foreboding outlook will require a sustained commitment by both individual citizens and government officials--at all levels. This book, together with the original Gathering Storm volume, provides the roadmap to meet that goal. While this book is essential for policy makers, anyone concerned with the future of innovation, competitiveness, and the standard of living in the United States will find this book an ideal tool for engaging their government representatives, peers, and community about this momentous issue.
By better understanding how research parks of other nations operate, we can seek to improve the scale and contributions of parks in the U. To that end, the National Academies convened an international conference on global best practices in research parks. This volume, a report of the conference, includes discussion of the diverse roles that research parks in both universities and laboratories play in national innovation systems. The presentations identify common challenges and demonstrate substantial differences in research park programs around the world.
At the request of Congress, the National Academies conducted a comprehensive study of how the SBIR program has stimulated technological innovation and used small businesses to meet federal research and development needs. Drawing substantially on new data collection, this book examines the SBIR program at the Department of Defense and makes recommendations for improvements. Collectively, the commissioned papers and the findings and recommendations represent a significant contribution to our understanding of the SBIR program.
In some areas of the Earth we have approached near irreversible soil conditions that may threaten the existence of future generations. Understanding the long-term implications of decreased soil quality and addressing the aforementioned challenges will require new information based on advances and breakthroughs in soil science research that need to be effectively communicated to stakeholders, policy makers, and the general public. On December , , the National Academies convened the Frontiers in Soil Science Research Workshop, summarized in this volume, to identify emerging areas for research in soil science by addressing the interaction of soil science subdisciplines, collaborative research with other disciplines, and the use of new technologies in research.
The workshop focused around seven key questions addressing research frontiers for the individual soil science disciplines, and also addressing the need for integration across soil science with other disciplines. This book seeks to illuminate the consequences of the SBA ruling excluding majority-owned venture capital firms from participation in SBIR projects. This book is part of the National Research Council's study to evaluate the SBIR program's quality of research and value to the missions of five government agencies.
The "21st Century Innovation Systems for the United States and Japan: Lessons from a Decade of Change" symposium reviewed government programs and initiatives to support the development of small- and medium-sized enterprises, government-university- industry collaboration and consortia, and the impact of the intellectual property regime on innovation. This book brings together the papers presented at the conference and provides a historical context of the issues discussed at the symposium.
Founded in , SBIR was designed to encourage small business to develop new processes and products and to provide quality research in support of the many missions of the U. In response to a request from the U. Congress, the National Research Council assessed SBIR as administered by the five federal agencies that together make up 96 percent of program expenditures. The book recommends programmatic changes that should make the SBIR program even more effective in achieving its legislative goals.
Drawing substantially on new data collection, this report examines the SBIR program at the National Institutes of Health and makes recommendations for improvements. The convocation featured participation by Members of Congress, Cabinet Secretaries, leaders from industry and academia, and other experts. The discussions reviewed progress made thus far in implementing the Gathering Storm recommendations to strengthen K education in math and science, research, higher education, and the environment for innovation.
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Participants also noted that much additional work is needed to ensure that America remains a leader in science and engineering in the long term. It finds that, in spite of resource constraints, the DoE has made significant progress in meeting the legislative objectives of SBIR and that the program is effectively addressing the mission of the Department of Energy. The book documents the achievements and challenges of the program and recommends programmatic changes to make the SBIR program even more effective in achieving its legislative goals.
This collection of individually authored studies challenges that thinking through analyses of 10 service and manufacturing industries: personal computers; semiconductors; flat-panel displays; software; lighting; biotechnology; pharmaceuticals; financial services; logistics; and venture capital. Overall there has been acceleration in global sourcing of innovation, but the patterns are highly variable, and many industries retain leading-edge capacity in the U. Nevertheless, innovation deserves more emphasis in firm performance measures and more sustained support in public policy.
They have initiated major programs, often with substantial funding, that are designed to attract, nurture, and support innovation and high-technology industries within their national economies. To help U. As a part of this effort, the committee identified Flanders, a region of Belgium with substantial autonomy, which is recognized for its comprehensive approach to innovation. Based on initial meetings in Washington and Brussels, and with the endorsement of Flanders Vice Minister-President Fientje Moerman, it was agreed to organize a conference that would review regional innovation policies in the context of the policies and programs of the Flanders government, and their interaction with those of the European Union.
This book provides a summary of that symposium. Rapid technological change in communications, computing, and information management continue to promise further gains in productivity, a phenomenon often referred to as the New Economy. The National Science Foundation NSF is well suited to designing an experimental program understand better the appropriate goals of such contests, the motivations of participants and sponsors, and the rules and conditions that contribute to successful contests.
The report addresses many of the generic issues that arise in administering innovation prize contests and explores seven research and technology fields that might lend themselves to prize contests. A comprehensive and coordinated federal effort is urgently needed to bolster U. This congressionally requested report by a pre-eminent committee makes four recommendations along with 20 implementation actions that federal policy-makers should take to create high-quality jobs and focus new science and technology efforts on meeting the nation's needs, especially in the area of clean, affordable energy: 1 Increase America's talent pool by vastly improving K mathematics and science education; 2 Sustain and strengthen the nation's commitment to long-term basic research; 3 Develop, recruit, and retain top students, scientists, and engineers from both the U.
Some actions will involve changing existing laws, while others will require financial support that would come from reallocating existing budgets or increasing them. To better understand the challenges inherent in the conversion of promising research to useful products and processes, the National Research Council convened a conference focused on the commercialization of SBIR-funded innovations at DoD and NASA. A unique feature of the conference is that it brought together, for the first time, the program managers, small business leaders, and prime contractor personnel involved in commercializing the results of SBIR awards through procurement at DoD and NASA.
Recent years have witnessed a rapidly growing interest in topological insulators, not only because of rich intriguing physics in such materials, but also due to their promising potential in quantum computing and spintronics applications. This presentation will discuss a bi-layer system where a topological insulator interfaces with a magnetic insulator. This system is of particular interest for two main reasons. First, one can use the magnetic insulator to pump spins into the topological insulator; by measuring the resultant responses in the topological insulator, one can reveal the nature of the topological surface states.
Second, the system can serve as a platform for exploring the use of topological insulators for magnetization manipulation. The first half of this presentation will report experiments on spin pumping from a magnetic insulator Y3Fe5O12 slab to a topological Kondo insulator SmB6 thin film. The data not only confirmed the non-trivial nature of the topological surface states, but also enabled the determination of the depth of the surface states.
The second half will report on topological surface state-induced magnetization switching in a bi-layer that consists of a topological insulator Bi2Se3 thin film and a magnetic insulator BaFe 12 O 19 thin film. Norbert Koch. At the same university he received a doctorate in solid state physics in After moving to Berlin in , he started building his own group, and contributed to the fundamental understanding of interfaces of organic semiconductors with inorganic materials and devising methods to optimize interface electronic properties.
More recently, doping of organic semiconductors, and interfacial phenomena with perovskites and 2D materials became part of his research agenda. Electronic and opto-electronic devices used in information, communication, energy conversion, and energy storage technologies rely on a precise control of the charge density distribution, which is the key parameter for a wide range of electronic and optical processes in devices. The charge density and its energy spectrum in electronic materials determine elemental parameters and functions, such as the Fermi level position, type and mobility of charge carriers, interfacial energy level alignment, carrier injection and extraction at contacts, and the characteristics of excitations.
The primary conventional method to control the charge density in electronic materials is doping, as already employed by Shockley, Bardeen, and Brattain in the first transistors in the s. However, established electronic materials and doping concepts, e. The anticipated route beyond this deadlock is the use of new electronic materials and combinations thereof, where tuning quantum confinement, dimensionality, and the charge density enable new device concepts.
In this contribution, at first the fundamental differences in the electronic properties of selected advanced and emerging electronic materials are contrasted, i. Next, considerations of how the energy levels differ in practical thin films from those in single crystals will provide the basis for discussing fundamental interfacial phenomena in hybrid heterostructures comprising dissimilar material classes. Modern approaches to tune the interfacial charge density re-arrangement, and concomitantly the energy level alignment, will then be introduced and their impact on interface functionality in devices exemplified.
Most of these approaches are based on employing very strong molecular electron donor or acceptor molecules as interlayers, and photochromic molecular switches even facilitate operando optical control over electrical device characteristics, i.
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Stefano Baroni. Watching Flowers Through a Silicon Glass. His research over the years has led to new theoretical ideas and numerical tools for the study of properties and processes otherwise inaccessible to quantitative theoretical investigation. He has touched on diverse applications, including: semiconductor interfaces and alloys, the chemical reactivity of metal surfaces and catalysis, lattice dynamics and related materials properties, and the dynamics of quantum liquids and droplets.
His recent most research interests include the ab initio simulation of molecular spectroscopy and thermal transport. Professor Baroni is known for pioneering different quantum simulation methods, including density-functional perturbation theory and reputation Quantum Monte Carlo, as well as for the development of the Quantum ESPRESSO suite of codes for ab-initio electronic structure calculations and quantum materials modeling.
Most natural colours in the red-purple-blue gamut are expressed by anthocyanins, a broad class of dyes responsible for the color of berries, red grapes, eggplants, red cabbage, blue corn, purple carrots, as well as many flowers. The extreme variability of the color expressed by anthocyanins depends on their detailed chemical composition, as well as on environmental conditions, such as acidity and co-pigmentation, i.
In this talk I will review recent theoretical work aimed at unveiling the factors that allow an anthocyanin solution to express a bright shade of blue, a rare hue to be found in nature, of great interest in the food industry. This work is based on a recently designed multi-scale protocol that allows one to properly account for the effects of both high-frequency intra-conformer and low-frequency inter-conformer thermal fluctuations on the optical spectra of the solution, the latter being computed using an embedded flavour of time-dependent density-functional theory.
Besides confirming the importance of the molecule's charge state, we also unveil the hitherto unrecognized role of internal distortions in the chromophore, which affect its degree of conjugation, modulating the optical gap and in turn the color. Our results are in excellent agreement with experiments for some simple anthocyanins and provide unprecedented insight into the complex behaviour underlying color expression in this molecular family, allowing us to extend our study to the effects of intra-molecular co-pigmentation and metal complexation.
Nanomaterials have been proven efficient theranostic agents to disease detection and diagnosis. Nevertheless, understanding the bio-nano interface is of key importance to guide the design of drug delivery systems with the better therapeutic outcomes. In this context, functionality, and safety is considered an integrated way from the earliest phases of the research and innovation of the nanoproduct, which opens up the focus on safety, making agencies around the world to supply specific regulatory guidelines for such materials before their commercialization.
The latter is an openness of toxicology studies which can give information to guide regulatory decisions toward developing a safety net to enable the marketing of products before commercialization. We propose the symposium "Nanomaterials in Medicine, Nanotoxicology and Nanoregulation", which will bring together a state-of-the-art discussion on the safe-by-design nanomaterials to be used in medicine as well as their toxicological aspects, a topic which is increasing over the world, and has been covered by important international conferences.
Moreover, it will be the opportunity to present the updates of the international agreement NanoReg between Brazil and EU for the standardization of production and safe use of nanomaterials. The symposium welcomes all researchers in the field of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology that is interesting in the nanomaterials applied to medicine and Nanotox field.
Aligned with the fruitful scientific environment of the event, we also intend to organize the first technical meeting of the Project? Certification of Nanoproducts? The symposium will create opportunities for participants to present and share experiences, explore new directions and to debate topics with experts from across the globe in the fields of Nanomedicine and Nanotoxicology. This symposium has been offered since in SBPMat. Nature serves as inspiration for the development of new high-performance materials though the mimicking of biological architectures or use of materials such as biopolymers.
The mimicking of biological architectures serves for the development of new high-performance synthetic materials as they often exhibit combinations of properties that are mutually exclusive. Understanding the underlying principles that lead to these unusual combinations of properties in biological materials allows materials scientists and engineers to fabricate synthetic materials with unprecedented performance. Biopolymers possess properties such as biocompatibility, low toxicity, biodegradability, as well as abundant raw material which draws the attention for its use in areas such as medical-pharmaceutical, food, environment or energy.
This symposium aims at strengthening the interactions between Brazilian and international researchers who are working on biological, biopolymer-based and bio-inspired materials and encourage scientific discussions of recent research, challenges and findings to foster new interdisciplinary collaborations. The ongoing development of biomaterials semi-synthetic, nanomaterials and soft materials continue to offer innovative, biological, dental and medical applications.
This challenge can only be overcome by converging breakthrough developments from the fields of chemistry, physics, materials science, biology and engineering to address real clinical needs, while also considering the translational pathway from bench to bedside. Surface modifications techniques are currently used in order to tailor the surface of materials to obtain desired properties for several applications, in special to biological, dental and medical.
Thus, materials that possess excellent bulk properties can be used in the aggressive environmental where will be in service with appropriate surface. The symposium focuses on the development of new materials for biological, dental and medical applications and on the fundamental understanding of biological and biomimetic-solid interfaces as well as their implementation into biological, dental and medical applications. Interfacing biological molecules predictably with solid materials at the nanoscale is the key for hybrid materials design leading to innovative functional properties.
Exploiting such properties towards developing functional materials and devices depends on a better understanding and control of the interfacial interactions at the atomic to nanoscale. As a consequence, managing pollution is certainly one of the world? Whilst strategies towards waste minimization including recycling are now established in many countries, society continues to pollute the environment.
For these reasons, this symposium intends to be a forum for discussions on new technologies for the mitigation of air, water and soil pollution. A sustainable development is? However, materials dominating nowadays technologies for electronic and energy storage devices have proven to lack sustainability. In contrast, carbon-based materials and technologies are options to reach sustainability in the electronic and energy storage fields.
This means that new technologies covering the entire supply chain for developing environmentally friendly batteries are in high demand. Reuse and recycling are key factors to decrease the environmental impact of batteries, and energy storage and conversion devices. Newly designed batteries, that use of carbon-based biosourced redox-active electrode materials, natural binders and? The Symposium intends to bring together chemists, materials scientists, biologist, physicists, and engineers from both academia and industry to share information on the organic- and bio-related materials for devices application and emerging technologies in organic electronics field.
The research topics comprise all types of synthesis, processing techniques molecular crystals, multilayers, self-assemblies, printing techniques, and thin films , compounds polymers, small molecules, composites, blends, nanoparticles, liquid crystals, hybrid , micro- and nano-fabrication, interfaces, spectroscopic characterization linear and non-linear , surfaces conducting, flexible, transparent substrates , electronic, and photonic properties. In this context, the Symposium aims to discuss the future of Organic Electronics and Bioelectronics to argue our current understanding and to define future trends of this exciting field.
This symposium aims at providing a forum for material scientists, chemists and physicists where to debate about the state of the art and the perspectives of the photonic materials. Both fundamental luminescence and photovoltaic properties and application oriented material investigations will be considered, including the theoretical and experimental mechanisms involved in nanometric scale properties and aspects related to surface modification related to optical phenomena. The symposium also aims to integrate the institutions and their research groups interested in the processing and applications of materials for photovoltaic devices, photo catalysis and optical physics like light emitters, photo detectors and multiple junction devices.
Safe and effective hydrogen storage is one of the key challenges for a broader use of hydrogen as an energy carrier. Hydrogen storage in metal hydrides may offer an interesting solution, since very high volumetric capacities can be attained when hydrogen is confined in the inner structure of an appropriate metallic alloy. In this workshop, the main aspects related to the structure, synthesis, processing, properties and applications of metal hydrides will be covered.
A special emphasis is given for advanced processing and characterization of novel materials such as nanocomposites, severely deformed alloys, and high entropy alloys. The proposed program aims to provide a comprehensive overview of these interesting class of functional materials, which have a central role in the utilization hydrogen as an energy carrier but also could be used in other applications such as heat storage and battery electrodes. The symposium Innovative applications for textile materials will be focused on research and development of textile inovattions, including biotechnology and enzyme technology applied to fibers and fabrics.
The proposed symposium is intended to be multidisciplinary and the thematic technical sessions and oral presentations will consider: Alternative sustainable textile wet processing; Nanotechnology for textile finishing; Enzimatic and Biotechnology in textile processing; Treatment and recycling of textile waste; Smart technologies in textile processing; The textiles and fabrics industry has significantly grown in the last decade, bringing new demands and the need for new fields research, such as the sustainability throughout the production scale, from the extraction of the raw material to the treatment of textile waste.
In this sense, the textile industries are closely linked with the development of new materials or nanomaterials. The growing textile fields face many challenges and concerns, especially when are considering the issues of textile recycling, the large amount of waste and water used during the production. The development of greener and sustainable processes with less consumption of harmful chemical reagents, procedural milder conditions neutral pH, lower temperatures , lower consumption of energy and water, and lower generation of effluents and residues.
The use of bio, nano and other new technologies should, in principle, contribute to the development of innovative and high quality of products, in line with the technological requirements, and environmental preservation. The symposium is an exceptional opportunity for the discussion of research advances and prospects of technologies applied to the textile processing.
Besides, will stimulate the exchange of information between participants from universities, research institutes, government agencies and industries. Glass and glass-ceramics have attracted large attention due to their interesting properties, which could be tune by changing composition as well as their isotropy, easiness and loss cost of preparation when compared to monocrystalline materials. Their excellent mechanical, electrical and optical properties make glass and glass-ceramics important materials for many technological applications.
In this scenario, an extend research on the glasses has been carried in Brazil, following the trends of the international glass community researches on the synthesis, structural investigation, optical applications and characterization of different class of glass and glass-ceramics. This symposium on glasses and glass-ceramics, aims to gather the actual research community to share ideas, discuss results and debate the most recent research trends exploited on glass and glass-ceramic synthesis.
The topics are mainly focused on, but not limited to, synthesis and characterization of glasses and glass-ceramics for a broad range of applications including optics, communication, data storage, luminescence, biology, electronics and optical microstructuring etc. This symposium is focused on materials that present at least one of the i -caloric effects and, in addition, have emerging technological applications. The general definition of i -caloric effect can be stated as a thermal response of the material when exposed to a change of external perturbations where i stands for intensive thermodynamic variable, including external fields.
The nature of the response depends on the thermodynamic process performed on the material. The effects are characterized by a temperature change, when the material undergoes an adiabatic process; or an entropy change, when the material undergoes an isothermal process. Depending on the nature of this external perturbation magnetic field, electric field or stress , i -caloric effects can be categorized as magnetocaloric effect, electrocaloric effect and mechanocaloric effect.
Mechanocaloric effect can still be divided in elastocaloric effect, driven by uniaxial stress; barocaloric effect, driven by isotropic stress variations; and torsiocaloric effect, driven by pure shear stress of torsion. It is worth mentioning that a few materials present more than one i -caloric effect and are called multicaloric materials. Understanding the fundamental science behind the degradation of materials and how to improve then reducing wear, corrosion and fatigue are vital more than ever. This symposium covers all aspects of fundamental and applied research on the degradation of metallic, ceramic, glasses, polymeric and composite materials.
Characterization techniques needed to understand degradation phenomena and solutions to increase materials lifespan submitted to degradation, tribological fundaments, tribocorrosion, tribotesting micro and nanoscale , tribomaterials and in-situ tribology are also included. We welcome contributions to improve scientific and mechanistic understanding of the degradation of materials, characterization tools, and solutions to avoid or reduce degradation. Full papers of presented works may be submitted for publication in a special issue of the Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion Springer.
The symposium is intended to bring together scientists and engineers interested in all aspects of experimental and theoretical research in magnetic and superconducting materials, as well as in their technological applications. Contributions are expected in topics ranging from basic properties to recent developments in magnetism and superconductivity at nanoscale.
Emphasis will be given on new materials, properties and devices.
Molecular Sieves are solids with defined porosity and with the capacity of differentiate molecules through their dimensions and geometries. They can be used as catalysts for several kinds of reactions, and also for separation and adsorption processes. In this class of materials are included: zeolite, mesoporous materials, hierarchical porous materials, lamellar materials, pillared clays, mesoporous and micriporous carbons and others.
Materials processing and the control of surface properties are of utmost importance in the industrial environment. Among the technologies capable of processing materials, the laser-based technology rises as an advanced and promising tool due to its versatility, flexibility, and reproducibility. In addition, it is important to point it out several inherent advantages such as the capability of virtually processing any type of material metals, ceramics, semiconductors, and polymers , does not involve any physical contact with the processed material avoiding contamination , the developed processes can be carried out at high-processing speeds and can be easily scaled-up to a production environment.
Among the laser materials processing methods, one can highlight the additive manufacturing, surface treatment texturing, cladding, surface alloying, heat treatment, shock peening, among others. As a result, these laser materials processing may increase the wear and corrosion resistance and control wettability, cellular behavior, optical and mechanical properties, giving rise to advanced materials. Study and development of industrial applications involving the use of continuous wave CW and pulsed lasers short- and ultrashort pulses for processing metallic alloys, ceramics, polymeric and composites materials fit into the present symposium.
The scope of the symposium is to promote the networking of researchers from the academic and industrial sectors interested in the research, development, manufacture and application of aeronautic and space materials metals, ceramics, polymers and composites. This symposium is dedicated to contributions regarding recent developments on steels ranging from fundamental aspects of physical metallurgy, enhancements in properties, and innovations in applications. Investigations by means of both theoretical and experimental approaches are encouraged. The main goal of this symposium is bringing together Brazilian and foreign experts in several aspects of steel research opening possibilities of valuable discussions of new concepts, trends and technologies related to developments and technological applications of steels.
This symposium is also a valuable opportunity to strengthen on-going collaborations, prospect new ones and build-up research networks. The aim of this symposium is to bring together physicists, chemists, materials scientists, dentists, engineers and members of other scientific communities, offering a forum for discussions on the advances of plasma processing of materials, from both experimental and theorical approaches, to facilitate the contacts between science, technology and industry.
Areas of particular interest will include, but will not be limited to: Fundamentals of deposition processes and techniques Experiments and simulations on plasma surface-interactions Plasma characterization Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition of protective coatings Plasma treatment of biomaterials Surface engineering via plasma processing Applications of plasmas in agriculture, medicine and environmental sciences.
This symposium aims to discuss research frontiers and joining studies in theoretical and experimental areas in the control and understanding of intrinsic and extrinsic properties of functional materials. The main idea is to promote discussions involving fundamental and technological aspects of materials systems that may lead to the improvement, understanding and foreseeing of the properties of technological devices.
It will be desirable to gather researchers actively working in Materials Science focusing on nanomaterials with functional properties and using both theoretical methods or experimental techniques to characterize electronic and structural properties. This meeting intends to open up new opportunities to collaboration between experimentalists and theoreticians improving the ways to gain insights into the atomistic understanding of the nanomaterials.
The list of invited speakers includes several world leaders in computational simulations showing how the theoretical contributions can significantly aid the experimental observations to gain a better knowledge in Materials Science. Several participants for oral contributions will be selected among the best abstracts. Nanofibers have become increasingly attractive, mainly because of their remarkable properties, highly porous structure and large surface-to-volume ratio, making them ideal for use in several applications.
This symposium aims to provide a profitable environment for dissemination and discussion of projects and research related but not limited to the Development of new Functional Nanofibers, Design, Processing and Applications of Nanofibers, produced by different techniques, such as electrospinning, blow-spinning, rotating spinning, etc.
The aim of this event is also to bring together students, scientists and researchers in academia and industry, in order to promote a greater interaction between research groups from different Universities and Companies, which work in the fields. It is thus expected that the symposium that strategically brings together researchers in related areas will provide a pleasant and rich discussion environment. This symposium will provide a multidisciplinary forum for the discussion of carbon-based materials, composites and devices.
Recent advances on fundamental, technological, design, simulation and applications of carbon-based materials will be covered by this symposium. The main focus will be related but not limited to carbon nanostructures and nanocomposites. Exfoliation methods, pyrolysis, process scalability, conductive inks, transfer methods wet and dry , synthesis of hybrid materials, nano-functionalization from graphene to graphite , fabrication of flexible electrochemical devices and applications of carbon-based materials will be contemplated in this forum.
Advanced characterization of carbon-based materials and devices at the micro and nanoscale are also welcome to this forum microscopy, spectroscopy, electrical, electrochemical and mechanical. In summary, the scope of this forum is broad and includes the most recent advances of carbon-based materials from synthesis to applications.
The last few years, material scientists have focused a lot of their effort in studying the properties of bi- dimensional materials 2D material. Indeed, since the first experimental studies on graphene , it has been shown that lots of other materials can be confined into two dimensions: transition metal dichalcogenides, Van der Walls heterostructures or more recently hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites.
The research in this area is atypically intense resulting in more than In Brazil, this field is also extremely hot and we would like to suggest the creation of a symposium in the area of two-dimensional materials. There are many universities and active networks of collaborative researchers working in Brazil. Only this thematical network is composed of 6 federal universities and 36 professors. Also, there is another network called INCT of Nanocarbon that also supports researcher groups all over the country which work in the field of graphene, carbon nanotubes and 2D material.
Very likely, a symposium in the area of 2D materials will be attractive for a large number of people in Brazil. Due to innumerous applications of such materials we believe that this symposium should cover a wide range of theoretical and applied sciences in physics, chemistry and biological applications.
Thus we expect that this symposium should bring to the conference some new conferee that are not yet attending the SBPMat in Industry 4. Additive manufacturing AM or 3D printing is an important tool towards its implementation. It allows increasing flexibility, sustainability and automation in order to promote this integration. AM processes build parts layer by layer and may use different heating systems laser, resistive heating, electron beam, etc.
There is a crescent interest in the development of new materials to be used in these processes in order to satisfy their requirements and expand the AM application range. The specifics of each process make necessary the use of materials with adequate characteristics in order to produce products with superior properties for high performance applications. AM has not only fastened the development of new manufacturing solutions, but also driven a renewed interest in existing architectures in materials science and novel designs.
The present symposium aims to allow participants to present and share experiences, explore new developments and discuss AM topics with researchers from different institutions around the world. It will cover areas of development, processing and characterization of materials for AM, materials selection, final properties and applications and also post-processing and testing of AM products.
Perspectives on the future directions on 3D printing on materials science will also be discussed. Presentation Schedule. The cancellation can be made directly in the conference website. Refunds will be paid until 60 days after the conference. After August 15 th , no refunds allowed. However, the registration fee may be transferred to another attendee. The no-show at the conference does not imply the automatic cancellation of the registration. Before the conference: the file in pdf format should be sent by e-mail until September, 18th to mara presscomunicacao.
The company will send you information about the costs for this service. Please note: The payment of the registration fee can be made at any time up to the event date, according to the rates specified in our website. Our company is able to guarantee comfort, safety and operational agility through its complete and wholly owned infrastructure. Added to this is the JCEvents factor — the extra-special care we put into the design and planning of ours tours! Conference party When? Program Book. Apple Store. April 30 th May 10 th new Submission of Abstracts.
June 10 th Abstract status notification. June 24 th Submission of Revised Abstract. June 30 th Final Abstract Notification. July 14 th Submission for Student Award. Carlos E. Vanderlei G. Machado UFSC. Daniela Z. Mezalira UFSC. Lizandra M. Zimmermann FURB. Paulo A. Wendhausen UFSC.
Antonio E. Martinelli UFRN. Ivo A.